Validation of Questionnaire of Readiness To Resist Towards Social Influence. Perspective of Applications in The Academic Education Contexts

Sławomir Pasikowski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/PBE.2015.056

Abstract


The article presents the validation procedure of the questionnaire to measurement of individual readiness to resistance toward unwanted social impact. One of the aims of the research was designing of tool to using in academic education context. The conceptualization was based on the literature relating to rebelliousness, negativism, reactance, disobedience and resistance toward social influence. Consequently, it has been assumed that the variable is
multidimensional. The results shows that the tool measures four separate types of readiness to resist. Also the validity and the reliability were satisfactory. The empirical data were collected
in a series of investigation which encompasses 653 people.

Keywords


resistance; readiness to resist; measurement; questionnaire; validation

Full Text:

PDF (Polish)

References


Aggleton P. J., Whitty G. (1985), Rebels without a cause? Socialization and subcultural style among the children of the new middle classes, “Sociology of Education”, 58, 60–72.

Ames D. R. (2007), Assertiveness Expectancies: How Hard People Push Depends on the Consequences They Predict, “Journal of Personality and Social Psychology”, 95, 1541–1557.

Ames D. R, Flynn F. J. (2007), What Breaks a Leader: The Curvilinear Relation Between Assertiveness

and Leadership, “Journal Personality and Social Psychology”, 92, 307–324.

Apter M. J. (1982), The Experience of Motivation. The Theory of Psychological Reversals, Academic Press, London–New York.

Apter M. J. (2001a), An Introduction to Reversal Theory, w: M. J. Apter (red.), Motivational Styles in Everyday Life, American Psychological Association, Washington, s. 3–35,

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10427-001.

Apter M. J. (2001b), Reversal Theory as a Set of Propositions, w: M. J. Apter (red.), Motivational

Styles in Everyday Life, American Psychological Association, Washington, s. 37–51, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10427-002.

Arnow B. A., Manber R., Blasey C., Blalock J. A., Rothbaum B. O., Thase M. E., Keller M. B. (2003), Therapeutic Reactance as a Predictor of Outcome in the Treatment of Chronic Depression, “Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology”, 71, 1025–1035.

Baumeister R. F. (1982), A Self-Presentational View of Social Phenomena, “Psychological Bulletin”, 91, 3–26, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.91.1.3.

Blickle G. (2003), Some Outcomes of Pressure, Ingratiation, and Rational Persuasion Used

With Peers in the Workplace, “Journal of Applied Social Psychology”, 33, 648–665.

Bohra K. A., Pandey J. (1984), Ingratiation toward strangers, friends, and bosses, “The Journal of Social Psychology”, 122, 217–222, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/002245

1984.9713483.

Brehm J. (1966), A Theory of Psychological Reactance, Academic Press, New York–London.

Brehm S. S., Brehm J. (1981), Psychological Reactance. A Theory of Freedom and Control,

Academic Press, New York–London.

Brzezińska A., Brzeziński J. (2006), Skale szacunkowe, w: J. Brzeziński (red.), Metodologia badań psychologicznych. Wybór tekstów, PWN, Warszawa, s. 232–306.

Buboltz W. C., Thomas A., Donnell A. J. (2002), Evaluating the Factor Structure and Internal

Consistency Reliability of the Therapeutic Reactance Scale, “Journal of Counseling and Development”, 80, 120–125.

Bukobza G. (2009), Relations Between Rebelliousness, Risk-Taking Behavior, and Identity Status During Emerging Adulthood, “Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research”, 9, 159–177.

DeLamater J. D., Myers D. J. (2011), Social Psychology, Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Belmont.

Deluty R. H. (1979), Children’s Action Tendency Scale: A Self-Report Measure of Aggressiveness, Assertiveness, and Submissiveness in Children, “Journal of Consulting and

Clinical Psychology”, 47, 1061–1071.

Donnell A. J., Thomas A., Buboltz W. C. (2001), Psychological Reactance: Factor Structure

and Internal Consistency of the Questionnaire for the Measurement of Psychological Reactance, “The Journal of Social Psychology”, 141, 679–687.

Dowd E. T., Milne Ch. R., Wise S. L. (1991), The Therapeutic Reactance Scale: A Measure Psychological Reactance, “Journal of Counseling and Development”, 69, 541–545.

Ellis A. P. J, West B. J., Ryan A. M., DeShon R. P. (2002), The Use of Impression Management Tactics in Structured Interviews: A Function of Question Type?, “Journal of Applied Psychology”, 87, 1200–1208, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.87.6.1200.

Fernandes J. V. (1988), From the Theories of Social and Cultural Reproduction to the Theory of Resistance, “British Journal of Sociology”, 9, 169–180.

Goffman I. (2006), Charakterystyka instytucji totalnych, przeł. M. Ziółkowski, w: A. Jasińska-Kania, L. M. Nijakowski, J. Szacki, M. Ziółkowski (red.), Współczesne teorie socjologiczne, Scholar, Warszawa, s. 316–335.

Gordon R. A. (1996), Impact of Ingratiation on Judgments and Evaluations: A Meta-Analytic Investigation, “Journal or Personality and Social Psychology”, 71, 54–70.

Hong S. M., Faedda S. (1996), Refinement of the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale, “Educational and Psychological Measurement”, 56, 173–182, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/

1177/0013164496056001014.

Hong S., Ostini R. (1989), Further evaluation of Merz’s Psychological Reactance Scale, “Psychological Reports”, 64, 707–710.

Jankowski K., Zajenkowski M. (2009), Jakich informacji o teście dostarcza testowanie?, w: K. Fronczyk (red.), Psychometria. Podstawowe zagadnienia, Wyższa szkoła Finansów i Zarządzania w Warszawie, Warszawa, s. 84–110.

Jonason P. K., Bryan A., Herrera J. (2010), Trimming the Fat Reveals a One-Factor Construct of Hong’s Psychological Reactance Scale, “Individual Differences Research”, 8, 220–228.

Karno M. P., Beutler L. E., Harwood T. M. (2002), Interactions between psychotherapy procedures

and patient attributes that predict alcohol treatment effectiveness: A preliminary report, “Addictive Behaviors”, 27, 779–798.

Karno M. P., Longabaugh, R (2007), Does Matching Matter? Examining Matches and Mismatches

Between Patient Attributes and Therapy Techniques in Alcoholism Treatment, “Addiction”, 102, 587–596.

Knowles E. S., Riner D. D. (2007), Omega Approaches to Persuasion: Overcoming Resistance, w: A. R. Pratkanis (red.), The Science of Social Influence, Psychology Press, New York–Hove, pp. 83–114.

McDermott R. (1988), Measuring Rebelliousness: The Development of The Negativism Dominance Scale, w: M. J. Apter, J. H. Kerr, M. P. Cowles (red.), Progress in Reversal Theory, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 297–312.

McDermott R. (2001), Rebelliousness, w: M. J. Apter (red.), Motivational Styles in Everyday Life, American Psychological Association, Washington, pp. 167–186, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10427-009.

Obuchowska I. (1983), Okres dorastania, Nasza Księgarnia, Warszawa.

Oleszkowicz A. (2001), Bunt młodzieńczy i jego pomiar, „Psychologia Rozwojowa”, 6, 383–398.

Oleszkowicz A. (2006), Bunt młodzieńczy. Uwarunkowania. Formy. Skutki, Scholar, Warszawa.

Ostrowska K. (2002), Kwestionariusz A-R. Podręcznik, Centrum Metodyczne Pomocy Psychologiczno-Pedagogicznej, Warszawa.

Paleczny T. (1997), Kontestacja. Formy buntu we współczesnym świecie, Nomos, Kraków.

Pasikowski S. (2014a), Ambiwalencja i opór. Nauczyciele i studenci wobec szkoły, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Pomorskiej w Słupsku, Słupsk.

Pasikowski S. (2014b), Opór indywidualny. Teorie, klasyfikacje i diagnozowanie w ujęciu psychologicznym, „Teraźniejszość – Człowiek – Edukacja”, 68 (4), 39–62.

Porębska M. (1966), Zarys opornego działania, „Psychologia wychowawcza”, 9, 129–146.

Porębska M. (1968), Oporne zachowanie się i jego odmiany, PWN, Wrocław.

Rudnicki S. (2009), Adaptacja i weryfikacja psychometryczna kwestionariusza do pomiaru

reaktancji Therapeutic Reactance Scale (TRS) E. T. Dowda, C. R. Milne’a i S. L. Wise’a, „Przegląd Psychologiczny”, 52, 133–149.

Seemann E. A, Buboltz W. C., Jenkins S. M., Soper B., Woller K. (2004), Ethnic and Gender Differences in Psychological Reactance: the Importance of Reactance in Multicultural Counseling, “Counselling Psychology Quarterly”, 17, 167–176.

Seemann E. A., Buboltz W. C., Thomas A., Soper B., Wilkinson L. (2005), Normal Personality Variables and Their Relationship to Psychological Reactance, “Individual Differences Research”, 3, 88–98.

Seemann E. A., Carroll S. J., Woodard A., Mueller M. L. (2008), The Type of Threat Matters: Differences in Similar Magnitude Threats Elicit Differing Magnitudes of Psychological Reactance, “North American Journal of Psychology”, 3, 583–594.

Seibel C. A, Dowd E. T (1999), Reactance and Therapeutic Noncompliance, “Cognitive Therapy and Research”, 23, 373–379.

Shen L., Dillard J. P. (2005), Psychometric Properties of the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale, “Journal of Personality Assessment”, 85, 74–81.

Stanik M. J., Roszkowska A., Kucharewicz J. (2006), Psychologiczna diagnoza zachowań agresywnych w świetle badań Skalą Agresji Buss-Durkee (SABD) – wyniki badań i normalizacja testu, w: J. M. Stanik (red.), Zastosowanie wybranych technik diagnostycznych

w psychologicznej praktyce klinicznej i sądowej, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Katowice, s. 81–100.

Stenner P., Marshall H. (1995), A Q methodological study of rebelliousness, “European Journal of Social Psychology”, 25, 621–636, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2420250603.

Sztompka P. (2003), Socjologia. Analiza społeczeństwa, Znak, Kraków.

Thomas A., Donnell A. J., Buboltz W. C. (2001), The Hong Psychological Reactance Scale: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis, “Measurement and Evalluation Counseling and Development”, 34, 2–13.

Tucker R. K., Byers P. Y. (1987), Factorial Validity of Merz’s Psychological Reactance Scale, “Psychological Reports”, 61, 811–815.

Zimbardo P. (2008), Efekt Lucyfera, przeł. A. Cybulko, J. Kowalczewska, J. Radzicki, M. Zieliński, PWN, Warszawa.






Partnerzy platformy czasopism