El cuerpo de Eva en Tomás de Aquino

Gustavo Carlos Bitocchi

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/SetF.2019.011

Abstract


The body of Eva in Thomas Aquinas

The constitution of the first female body or the body of Eva presents several physical and metaphysical problems, problems that have gone through the centuries and reach the present, generating social and cultural consequences for women. The non-existence of parents demands from Aquino answers that go beyond the anthropological and biological and lead to the search of philosophical answers intertwined with the theological ones. Thomas Aquinas provides rational answers although the background is of faith, and even, with literal interpretations of the Sacred Scriptures now abandoned. The Aquinate makes an intellectual effort to find answers in a rational field because the matter of the body of the first woman brings difficulties for its elucidation and understanding. As in other parts of his extensive work, Thomas Aquinas, follows the biological and physical works of Aristotle. Although the Aristotelian background is in line with Christian thought, Aquinas shows his extraordinary capacity for synthesis between the faith received and reason argued, between revelation (and especially the Holy Scriptures in this case) and the principles of reason.


Keywords


body; matter; man; Adam; woman; feminism

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References


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